Henderson County Comprehensive Plan


Henderson County is drafting its new Comprehensive Plan — the blueprint that will guide growth and development here for the next twenty years. This is a critical opportunity to have a voice in how our communities grow and develop to meet the challenges of climate change, a growing population, and increased pressures on our built environment.

MountainTrue has published a list of Comprehensive Planning Principles aimed at ensuring an open and transparent process and an outcome that benefits our communities, environment, and economy. If you haven’t taken the survey yet, we encourage our members to participate in the county’s Community Survey so that County Commissioners and the Planning Board understand the priorities of Henderson County residents.

Community Survey Shows Broad Support for Conservation

Henderson County residents identified:

  1. protection of open spaces and forests (55.30%),
  2. farmland preservation (45.16%), and
  3. conservation (35.04%) of unique natural areas

as their top 3 priorities for the 2045 Henderson County Comprehensive Plan. Click here to read the full survey.

Principles of Good Comprehensive Planning

Public Participation
Communities should play a central role in planning their future growth and development. The process should be equitable and inclusive of all people and must invite diverse voices — including those that have traditionally been excluded or ignored.

Smart Growth
We can foster economic vitality and growth in Western North Carolina without compromising our mountain heritage. Our cities and small towns should function as our communities’ economic, cultural, and residential centers. We should prioritize Public and private development in places where we’ve already made investments in infrastructure. At the same time, we should discourage any infrastructure expansion that induces sprawl into natural areas or the rural landscape. We advocate for a wide variety of housing choices and multiple modes of transportation.

Land Preservation
We must plan for development in a way that protects valued natural resources. We encourage communities to create a local source of dedicated funds to preserve open space and agricultural and forested lands. Planning should identify environmental features like wetlands, agricultural lands, forests, and steep slopes and suggest strategies for protecting those resources from destruction or degradation by development.

Public Lands
We must protect our national and state forests and our national, state, county, and city parks and trails. The management of public lands should maintain and restore their ecological integrity and promote recreational opportunities.

Clean Water
We must preserve and restore waterways as healthy ecosystems and recreational and aesthetic resources. Henderson County should adopt and enforce development standards and regulations to protect surface and groundwater from pollution and litter.

Clean Energy
Henderson County must transition to renewable energy and promote energy efficiency.

Upcoming Public Meetings

Please attend and let our public officials know that you support a healthy, sustainable Henderson County.


  • MountainTrue Comprehensive Plan Community Meeting
    Monday, January 30, 2023 – 5:30-7 p.m.
    Edneyville Community Center, 15 Ida Rogers Dr., Hendersonville, NC


  • Monday, February 6, 2023 – 5:30 p.m., County Commission @ 1 Historic Courthouse Sq. 
  • Wednesday, February 15, 2023 – 9:30 a.m., County Commission @ 1 Historic Courthouse Sq.
  • Thursday, February 16, 2023 – 5:30 p.m., Planning Board @ 100 N. King St.

If you are planning to attend and would like help preparing, please contact Healthy Communities Director Chris Joyell at chris@mountaintrue.org.

Learn Why Henderson County Must Avoid Sprawl

Henderson County is expected to grow by approximately 32,000 in the next 20 years. Learn about how we can accommodate that growth without encouraging sprawl.

The Case Against Sprawl and for Smarter Growth

The state estimates that Henderson County can expect approximately 32,000 new residents over the next 20 years. If we don’t manage that growth, development will spread too far into the countryside, unnecessarily destroying forests, farmland, and rural communities — at great expense to taxpayers and against the desires of county residents.

What is Sprawl?

Sprawl is development that spreads too far into the countryside, unnecessarily destroying forests, farmland, and rural communities. The key word here is “unnecessarily.”

Between 1976 and 2006, Henderson County’s developed land area grew eight times faster than its population, according to a UNC Charlotte study. In other words, as the county’s population slowly grew 92%, its developed land area exploded by 730%.  Other counties in Western North Carolina experienced something similar. population growth is having an outsized impact on the natural environment throughout or region.

Sprawl is a financial loser, too.  When developed land grows faster than the population, each taxpayer becomes responsible — unnecessarily — for fixing more potholes, maintaining more sewers, repairing more electrical wires, buying more gasoline for fire and police protection. 

What is at Stake?

Unfortunately, the same sprawl-inducing forces are still at work today.  Growth in Henderson County is governed by antiquated rules that allow low rural land prices to drive development out into the countryside.  To accommodate the 32,000 new residents that are expected to move to Henderson County, about 17,000 new homes will be built.  If we don’t take action, current rules will allow new development to explode all over the county, endangering:

  • Clean Air:  Sprawl forces residents to drive more miles, increasing air pollution and exacerbating climate change
  • Clean Water:  Sprawl threatens the purity of creeks and rivers.  Asphalt, roofs, and lawns dump polluted storm water directly into waterways, rather than letting it be filtered through the soil.  More asphalt, roofs, and lawns means more pollution.
  • Wildlife:  Sprawl displaces wildlife.  The Southern Appalachians are a global biodiversity hotspot.  To protect the amazing variety and abundance of local species, we must protect more land — not just forests, but also the habitat provided by open fields and pastures.
  • Rural Heritage:  Sprawl undermines rural heritage.  Henderson County lost one-third of its apple orchards between 2002 and 2017, according to the county’s comprehensive planning consultant.  If this trend continues, the consultant added, no apples will be grown here by 2040.  For decades, Henderson County has been “apple country.”  Why destroy our heritage, and our branding, unnecessarily?
  • Fiscal Prudence:  Sprawl burdens taxpayers.  When developed land grows faster than the population, each taxpayer becomes responsible —unnecessarily — for fixing more potholes, maintaining more sewers, repairing more electrical wires, buying more gasoline for fire and police protection, etc.

Henderson County Can Accommodate Growth Without Sprawl

The Henderson County Planning Department is circulating a draft Future Land Use Map that prioritizes sprawl. Learn how Henderson County can easily accommodate anticipated population growth without unnecessarily destroying forests, farmland, and rural communities.